4 Ways Texas Could Win Big Under New Climate Change Rules
Earlier this year, the earth hit a frightening milestone: carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reached its highest level since humans have inhabited the earth. The last time there was this much carbon on the planet was nearly a million years ago.
As the heat-trapping gas proliferates, the world warms, and the climate effects domino: droughts intensify, floods increase, ice melts and seas rise. The question now isn't whether human activity is changing the global climate; the question is what to do about it.
The Obama administration proposed new rules last month that would take a first step in curbing carbon emissions from power plants in the U.S. Their target? Coal power plants. The response to the rules from Republican leaders in Texas was predictable: Gov. Rick Perry said the regulations "will only further stifle our economy’s sluggish recovery and increase energy costs." And Attorney General (and candidate for Governor) Greg "I go into work to sue the Obama Administration" Abbott vowed to fight the "job-killing" rules just as he's fought other rules from the EPA.
But Texas may want to sit the fight over the new carbon rules out: because they could be an economic windfall for the state, to the tune of billions of dollars a year.
When the rules were announced, Michael Webber, Deputy Director of the Energy Institute at the University of Texas at Austin, said they amounted to a "big hug" for Texas from Obama. Why? Because Texas is a major producer of natural gas, a switch away from coal (which Texas mostly imports from other states) to natural gas would be great for the Texas economy.
"Texas stands to benefit tremendously from these regulations," Webber tells StateImpact Texas. "Texas has a lot of natural gas, and natural gas has less than half the carbon footprint of coal. If you want to de-carbonize the power sector, shale gas is a major tool in that toolbox."
And a new analysis by the Center for Strategic for International Studies goes into more detail about how it could work. Here's four ways Texas stands to win economically under the proposed carbon rules:
So does it make sense for Texas to fight the new EPA rules? Politically, perhaps. But economically, the state may be better off quietly embracing them, in order to maximize the potential for profit. While the state's political leaders have been vocal in their opposition so far, Weber says industry groups like the Texas Oil and Gas Association have been relatively silent – because they see dollar signs ahead.
"I wouldn't be surprised if [the opposition] goes quiet after a while," he says. "I think there's some recognition amongst the oil and gas industry that this could be good for them. This is a moneymaker for us. So they don't want to complain too loudly about this."
The rules will take a few years to sort out, but they will likely go into effect around 2020. States will need to meet a final goal of a 30 percent reduction in emissions by 2030.
"This is the beauty of Texas," Webber says. "In an era where you don't care about carbon, we get rich. And in an era where you do care about carbon, we get rich again."