A new study from the University of Texas points to widespread gentrification in Austin, stretching from northern neighborhoods to the eastern edge of South Austin. Researchers say the groups most impacted by displacement are low-income African-American and Hispanic renters.
Jake Wegmann, a professor in UT’s School of Architecture who co-authored the study said in a statement that the report shows “striking levels of change, including an alarming loss of low-income persons of color from several areas in Austin’s eastern crescent.”
The study offers a three-tiered outline to explain the process of gentrification: First, there's a displacement of lower-income residents, then neighborhoods physically transform and finally the character of an area is altered.
Of 200 Austin neighborhoods, the study identifies 16 that are “actively gentrifying,” and 23 more that are at risk. Researchers also looked into anti-displacement policies that other cities have adopted to try and reverse these trends.
The report ranks neighborhoods on a spectrum, looking at which areas are the most vulnerable to gentrification. Researchers considered factors including how many people in a neighborhood were renters, people of color or making less than 80 percent of the area’s median family income. In Austin, that’s $68,800 a year for a family of four.
The city of Austin commissioned the year-long study in 2017, citing rapid redevelopment and displacement of residents. City leaders hoped to gain an understanding of the underlying causes of gentrification to help build a “necessary foundation for policy decisions” to guide future policies and manage growth.
You can read the full report below.