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00000175-b317-d35a-a3f7-bbdf00220000This legislative session, public radio stations across Texas are answering voters' questions about the elections. KUT has partnered with Houston Public Media, KERA News in Dallas, San Antonio's Texas Public Radio, Marfa Public Radio and Texas Standard to tackle crowdsourced questions from voters all over the state.

Do Political Yard Signs Actually Change Voters' Minds?

Jorge Sanhueza-Lyon/KUT
Gavino Fernandez Jr. puts campaign signs in the front yard of his East Austin home after asking Peggy Vasquez (seated) to remove the signs that she posted for an opposing candidate.

From Texas Standard:

This political season in Texas, yard signs have been at the center of stories that sound straight out of The Onion. There’s the couple who turned their front lawn into a giant, hand-painted Beto O’Rourke sign. Or the anti-Brett Kavanaugh sign in Hamilton that police threatened to confiscate after Agriculture Commissioner Sid Miller posted about it on Facebook. Our Texas Decides series continues with a listener question you might call a sign of the times.

Today’s question – or subject really – comes from Bud Sturguess of Amarillo.

“I'm an author and a lay chaplain, which basically means I'm a preacher and minister without a seminary degree,” he says.

He’s also a faithful pedestrian. And he’s growing out his beard. That’s an important detail because, he says, in its half-grown-out state, well...his beard looks crazy.

“I have to walk through a lot of residential neighborhoods and in doing so I make sure to walk very calmly and at a deliberate pace because of the way I look,” Sturguess says. "I don't want to seem like I'm running from the scene of something abominable!"

That’s given him a lot of time to take in a weedy abundance of yard signs. And he got to wondering – what’s the point?

Credit Rachel Osier Lindley / KERA
On a walk, Freddy "Bud" Sturguess, Jr. takes in some of downtown Amarillo's storefront political signage. He says he hasn't voted yet, and doesn't plan to vote in the Senate race. Sturguess doesn't think incumbent Republican Ted Cruz or Democrat Beto O'Rourke reflect his beliefs.

“No one, at least I would hope, has ever based their decision on Election Day on how impressed they were by the color scheme or the font of one candidate sign over the other,” Sturguess says. “I don't think anyone who voted in the Lincoln-Douglas election in 1860 voted for one or the other because they preferred Times New Roman over Helvetica.”

What do the experts think?

"I think he has some justified skepticism there," replies Elizabeth Simas. She teaches political science at the University of Houston, and researhes voter behavior and political psychology. Simas says, at the most basic level, yard signs are like any other type of advertising. But politics are more complicated than, say, selling shampoo. And results are harder to measure.

“The literature is kind of mixed on the effectiveness of campaign signs,” Simas says. “There's not strong evidence that they help, there's not strong evidence that they hurt. I think that what people would say the effectiveness is more in activation rather than persuasion.”

That’s what people with boots on the ground would tell you too. Like Kim Moody. 

Credit Courtesy of Kim Moody.
Kim Moody and her husband Doug are both lifelong conservatives. She is an election judge and Republican precinct chair in Denton.

“I live in Denton, and I'm a Republican precinct chair,” Moody says. As part of her precinct chair duties, Moody distributes literature and yard signs for candidates like Ted Cruz and Greg Abbott.

“It just brings attention to people in the general population. Hey, we're getting close to election time. See what you can find out and go vote,” she says.

Moody thinks yard signs “activation” role is strongest during the primaries, when people are looking within their own party.

“It allows people to see multiple names out there, and maybe seek out information about candidates,” says Moody. “During the general election season, like we are in right now, you have party against party. People who choose to put them in their yard have already made a decision. They're committed to a candidate and they're showing that to everyone around them.”

Our question asker, Bud Sturguess, thinks that too. But he’s a bit more cynical.

“I can come to no other conclusion that the only reason one puts up a sign bearing their candidate's name is to be obnoxious,” he says.

That brings us to the second part of what he's been pondering. Why do some people choose to put out signs?

“To maybe irk a conservative who's driving by, or a liberal depending on your stance?” hypothesizes Sturguess. 

Credit Rachel Osier Lindley / KERA
Yard signs on a busy street in Dallas.

Professor Elizabeth Simas says, yeah, that’s probably some people's motivation. But it’s a lot more complicated.

“It's an interesting form of participation because it is so public,” she says.

Voting is private, so is writing a check to a campaign.

“But a yard sing? That's really putting it out there,” says Simas. “And there is a particular subset of people who are more inclined to do that than others.”

Simas says that has to do with how concerned people are about what others think of them, regardless of how passionate they are about their political convictions.

“Being more concerned about the social desirability of what they're doing, like people who are high on self-monitoring, or people who may be more concerned about ‘Well, what would my neighbors think if they don't like this?’ They're going be less likely to put those signs out,” she says.

And what do the yard-sign-havers of Texas have to say about all this? I decided to ask someone with a big Joanna Cattanach for State House sign in his east Dallas yard. His name is Robert Ackerman.

He says he knows his neighbors, and isn't too worried about bugging them with signs. He also thinks putting out signs let him make a difference in a simple way.

“People ask us to put up signs. We're on a good thoroughfare to the school,” Ackerman says. “There's a line of traffic every morning. Candidates that know us ask if we'll put a sign in the yard...and sometimes we do. And in this case they gave us a really BIG one.”

Credit Rachel Osier Lindley / KERA
Robert Ackerman of Dallas says candidates often ask him to put signs in his front yard during election season, though he prefers to avoid the campaign sign frenzy during primary elections.

Though, even he doesn't think campaign signs change minds. But he hopes that maybe they'll get folks to consider some down-ballot races they hadn’t thought about before. 

So it seems yard signs do “work.” It just depends on what your definition of “work” is. If it’s activating voters, raising awareness, sending messages to your neighbors – or trying to get under their skin – then the answer is all of the above. 

Kim Moody, the precinct chair in Denton, says people are complicated. You can never really know what’ll get a few extra voters to the polls.

“We've seen in the last few election cycles that some races are really close. Maybe in some races yard signs do make a difference,” says Moody.

Candidates, voters, party loyalists: You have nothing to lose. Print those yard signs! Decorate your lawn!

At the very least, you’ll give people walking by – perhaps trying to grow out their beards – something to ponder as they pass.

Rachel Osier Lindley is a Senior Editor for The Texas Newsroom, a public radio journalism collaboration between KERA in North Texas, KUT in Austin, Houston Public Media, Texas Public Radio in San Antonio and NPR. This regional news hub is the prototype for NPR's Collaborative Journalism Network.
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