Laredo, Texas, Now No. 1 U.S. Trade Hub, Braces For Trump's Mexico Tariffs

Jun 1, 2019
Originally published on June 5, 2019 2:16 pm

Residents, business owners and political leaders in Laredo, Texas are bracing for President Trump's implementation of a 5% tariff on all goods coming from Mexico that would begin June 10th.

The president said the tariff will gradually increase to 25% if Mexico doesn't do more to stop the flow of illegal immigration into the U.S.

Ernesto Gaytan Jr. is the general manager of Super Transport International in Laredo, a company founded by his father almost 30 years ago in Mexico.

"Laredo exists because of its location and the closeness we have with Mexico," he said.

Gaytan, wearing a black fitted suit in 90 degree Texas heat, toured his company's operations field.

"This is where a lot of the transloads happen," said Gaytan. "We move materials from a trailer coming in from the United States into Mexico. We transfer freight from a U.S. carrier to a Mexico carrier, or from a Mexican carrier to a U.S carrier."

Mexico recently surpassed China and Canada as America's top trading partner, which helped catapult Laredo past Los Angeles to become the number one port in the country. About $20 billion worth of goods flowed through during the month of March — mostly automotive parts.

Gaytan said the tariff could impact his trucking company and jobs across the country.

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"There are some companies that 5% is what their margin is going to be, so you're talking about companies that are not going to be able to ship anymore," said Gaytan. "It's going to shrink the capacity, it's going to shrink the market."

Gaytan and other business owners are concerned there will be even longer lines at the ports of entry because many companies might try to double their average of shipments before the June 10 deadline.

Laredo has already been experiencing record wait times that can be hours long. This was recently exacerbated when the Trump administration reassigned 300 Customs and Border Protection officers from the ports of entry to help process asylum claims. Adding to the fear of the business community has been President Trump's threats to close the border entirely.

"For us, I did the numbers and we would lose about $270,000 a day if the border shuts down," said Gaytan.

At a town hall Friday, Gaytan and other local businesses brought their concerns to CBP. Eduardo Lozano, CEO of EELCO Supply Chain Solutions and a local broker, was in attendance.

Lozano said he's begun receiving phone calls from importers who said they plan on sending double their shipments before the June 10 deadline.

"Is CBP prepared to receive all the additional influx of shipments?" Lozano asked. "Are we prepared?"

Brenda Smith, the executive assistant commissioner with the Office of Trade at CBP took Lozano's question.

"I would tell you not today, but tomorrow," said Smith. "You have got to have your eyes open and your powder dry at all times because the situation changes so quickly."

And that's a problem, said Gerry Schwebel, executive vice president of IBC Bank headquartered in Laredo.

Schwebel worked on NAFTA and the US-Mexico-Canada agreement. He said the tariff further strains the U.S. relationship with Mexico, especially when trying to pass the USMCA, also known as NAFTA 2.0.

"This is not in the spirit of open relationships with our largest trading partner, which is Mexico," said Schwebel. "They will always be our neighbor, we can't be in any way threatening or try to coerce our partners to do certain things."

Schwebel said border communities like Laredo will be hard-hit if the tariff takes effect, but the consumer will ultimately pay the price.

David MacPherson, the chair of Trinity University's Department of Economics, agrees.

"It's a textbook example of how to do self-harm. When we put a tariff on Mexican goods or Chinese goods or anybody else, we pay the tariff. The consumer pays it. Not the other country," said MacPherson. "Everything that we consume that's manufactured in Mexico is going to get more expensive and jobs are going to be lost."

Laredo mayor Pete Saenz said he is proud that his city of about 260,000 people is now the nation's busiest trade hub and wants to keep it that way, but for that to continue, he wants to see the president separate the issues of trade and immigration.

"It creates uncertainty," said Saenz. "People wanting to invest, hold back. It jolts the system in a negative way."

Texas Public Radio fellow Sierra Juarez contributed to this story.

Copyright 2019 Texas Public Radio. To see more, visit Texas Public Radio.

DON GONYEA, HOST:

President Trump has threatened to impose tariffs on all goods imported from Mexico beginning June 10. That has the border city of Laredo, Texas, preparing for a rush of importers trying to get their goods into the country. Texas Public Radio's Reynaldo Leanos Jr. reports.

REYNALDO LEANOS JR., BYLINE: Ernesto Gaytan is the general manager of Super Transport International Laredo, a company founded by his father in Mexico almost 30 years ago. Today he's wearing a black fitted suit in 90 degree Texas heat. Gaytan walks around the operations field.

ERNESTO GAYTAN: This is where a lot of the transloads happen. We move materials from a trailer coming in from the United States going into Mexico. We transfer freight from one - from a U.S. carrier to a Mexico carrier or from a Mexican carrier to a U.S. carrier going northbound. They could be either way.

LEANOS: The international trade at Laredo's port recently catapulted it past Los Angeles to become the number one port in the country.

GAYTAN: Laredo is a town that exists because of the location and the closeness that we have with Mexico and the United States.

LEANOS: About $20 billion worth of goods flowed through during the month of March, mostly automotive parts. President Trump is threatening to implement a 5% tariff on all goods coming from Mexico starting June 10. The president says he'll gradually increase the tariff to 25% if Mexico doesn't do more to stop illegal immigration. Gaytan says a tariff could impact his trucking company and jobs across the country.

GAYTAN: There are companies that 5% is what their margin is going to be. So you're talking about companies that are not going to be able to ship anymore. So what's that going to do? It's going to shrink the capacity. It's going to shrink the market.

LEANOS: Gaytan and other business owners are concerned there will be even longer lines at the ports of entry because many companies might try to double their average of shipments before the June 10 deadline. Laredo has already been experiencing record wait times that can be hours long. This was recently exacerbated when the Trump administration reassigned 300 CBP officers from ports of entry to help process asylum claims. And adding to the fear of the business community has been President Trump's threats to close the border entirely.

GAYTAN: For us, I did the numbers, and we would lose about $270,000 a day if the border shuts down.

LEANOS: At a recent town hall, Gaytan and other local businesses asked CBP if they are ready to handle an increase of shipments before the June 10 tariff deadline.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

BRENDA SMITH: I would tell you not today, but tomorrow.

LEANOS: Brenda Smith is the executive assistant commissioner with the Office of Trade at CBP.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

SMITH: You have got to have your eyes open and your powder dry at all times because the situation changes so quickly.

LEANOS: And that's a problem, says Gerry Schwebel, the executive vice president of IBC Bank based in Laredo. Schwebel worked on NAFTA and the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement. He says a tariff further strains the U.S.'s relationship with Mexico, especially when trying to pass USMCA, also known as NAFTA 2.0.

GERRY SCHWEBEL: This is not good, and it's not in the spirit of open relationships with our largest trading partner, which is Mexico. They will always be our neighbor. We can't be in any way threatening or trying to coerce our partners to do certain things.

LEANOS: Schwebel says border communities like Laredo will be hit hard if the tariffs take effect, but the consumer will ultimately pay the price. Laredo Mayor Pete Saenz is proud his city is now the nation's busiest trade hub and wants to keep it that way, but for that to continue, he wants to see the president separate the issue of trade and immigration. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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