Who Were The Streets In This North Austin Neighborhood Named After?

Jan 17, 2019

After moving into the Highland neighborhood in North Central Austin, James Arnold got curious about the names of nearby streets.

“Miranda, Esther, Lisa, Rufus – mostly women,” Arnold says. “I think Rufus is the only one that’s a male.”

Arnold wondered who the namesakes of these streets were and whether they had played a role in shaping the neighborhood. One day while getting a slice of pizza, he struck up a conversation with the shop owner, who had grown up in the neighborhood. She told him the streets were named after children who died in a fire at the old St. Johns Orphanage.

James Arnold wanted to know where the streets in his Highland neighborhood got their names.
Credit Gabriel C. Pérez / KUT

Arnold wondered if there was any truth to the story, so he asked about the street names in the Highland Neighborhood Facebook group. He didn’t mention anything about the fire, but got several responses from neighbors saying they’d heard the same story.

RELATED | Subscribe to the ATXplained podcast on iTunes or your favorite podcast player

“I didn’t even know that this was the land of a previous orphanage or just the history behind that,” Arnold says, “so it just made really interested in what the history was.”

The origins of the neighborhood surrounding St. Johns Avenue date back to the late 1800s. A group of black religious leaders called the St. John Regular Baptist District Association bought more than 300 acres of land there. They opened a school and orphanage.

Credit Courtesy of the Austin History Center

After the Great Depression, the association decided to divide the land into individual plots and sell it to families who needed a place to build homes. The St. Johns Orphanage shut down in the 1940s.

There was some truth to the stories Arnold and his neighbors had heard about the orphanage. The main building of the orphanage burned down in 1956 – but by that time, it had already been closed for several years. News reports from the time show that no injuries were reported in the fire. City records don’t give any indication of who Miranda or Brenda may have been – whether they were people who lived in the neighborhood, or whether they were names the developer thought up on a whim.

But rumors about the orphanage have been a part of the neighborhood folklore for decades. Before the fire in 1956, the abandoned orphanage rumored to be haunted. People reported hearing eerie sounds coming from the building at night. Teenagers used to dare each other to go ring the old school bell at the front of the building at midnight.

Authorities were unsure what caused the fire, but once the orphanage burned down, residents were convinced the ghosts were gone. As one article from The Austin Statesman put it, “Unless ghosts can stand roaring hot flames in the bright light of a blistering August afternoon, the old St. Johns Orphanage is no longer haunted.”

When he walks through the Highland area today, Arnold can’t help but wonder what stories from the past he and his neighbors may be overlooking. They’ve been talking about ways to honor that history.

“You know, I was talking about bronze statues of children playing at a splash pad or something like that,” Arnold says. “Just something to really show what this area was meant to be for the African-American community at that stage in history. Again, it’s just really rich history that would be nice if it wasn’t buried.”