Two Guys on Your Head

Each week on Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, explore different aspects of human behavior and the brain.

In conversations hosted by producer Rebecca McInroy, the two renowned psychologists cover everything from the effects of sugar on the brain, to what's happening in our minds while we sleep, and much, much more.

Listen to the Two Guys every Friday at 7:51 a.m., 1:49 and 4:51 p.m. on KUT-FM. You can always dig into the posts below or checkout and subscribe to podcasts via iTunes

We'd love to know what you're curious about!  Email us your topics and suggestions at twoguys@kut.org. And follow Two Guys on Twitter: @2GoYH

Value In The Moment

Mar 22, 2019

As tax day nears, it's not a bad idea to look at our spending habits. Typically when we experience a windfall, we spend more. When we come up short, we spend less. So although objectively we should maintain an average amount of spending, our financial habits continue to be influenced by how much we have at the moment.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss value in the moment.


Asymmetry: Past & Future

Mar 15, 2019

Dating back to when we were kids, two weeks into the future seems a lot longer than two weeks in the past. Even as adults we know two weeks is the same length regardless of when it takes place and yet we still experience this asymmetrical mindset.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss asymmetry between the past and future.  


Signal Detection (Part Two)

Mar 8, 2019

We've covered what signal detection theory is, so how does it come up when we assign labels to behaviors that could be considered "micro aggressions"? Are there significant benefits to these labels?

In the second episode of this two-part conversation on Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue their discussion on signal detection.


Signal Detection (Part One)

Mar 1, 2019

When thinking about the concept of a "microaggression," what we're really doing is subscribing to signal-detection theory. What is the theory and how does it come into play when we're dissecting the behaviors of others?

In the first episode of this two-part conversation on Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss signal detection.


Actions And Intentions

Feb 22, 2019

We judge our own actions on our intentions, yet we take other people's behaviors at face value. Is it acceptable to do something virtuous in light of ill intent?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss actions and intentions.


24-Hour News Cycle

Feb 15, 2019

We live in an era with push notifications and all-day news coverage, but is keeping up to date with the latest development really that important?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss 24 hour news cycle.


Occam's Razor

Feb 8, 2019

From seeing a UFO to advancing a conspiracy theory, often the simplest explanation is the most likely one. Yet we still tend to fancy convoluted ideas with lots of moving parts, just because they sound good to us.

On this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss Occam's Razor.


Reverse Psychology

Feb 1, 2019

What we refer to as "reverse psychology" is more or less a strategy of deception based on expected defiance, and any short term gratification is often met with long term problems. So why has reverse psychology become such a trope in parenting or dealing with contrarians? 

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss "reverse psychology".


Sunk Cost

Jan 25, 2019

When we invest a lot into something, be it a relationship, job, or even a used car, it can be tough to cut your losses and start anew. So why are we so prone to sticking with it rather than moving on?

In this episode of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss sunk cost.


Revenge Fantasies

Jan 18, 2019

In the heat of the moment, revenge can be an appealing idea to consider but often it has devastating results with fleeting satisfaction. Revenge narratives permeate popular media and we dislike when a wrongdoer goes unpunished, so why don't we actually decide to carry out justice ourselves?

On this edition of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about revenge fantasies.


Acquaintances In The Wild

Jan 10, 2019

We're used to seeing certain people in one context, but why do we get so thrown off when we see them elsewhere? How do cultural differences in collectivism and individualism shape the way we may perceive people in a variety of settings?

On this edition of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss acquaintances in the wild.

Labels

Jan 3, 2019

Labels are an essential part of distinguishing between one another but they can also pigeonhole one's sense of identity. How can we adjust our approach to labeling mental illnesses, particularly in children, in a communally constructive way?

On this edition of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss labels.


Resolution [Re-Broadcast]

Dec 28, 2018

Happy 2019! It’s that time of the year when we resolve to drink less, exercise more, save money, etc. It may feel really good to intend to do “better” in the new year, but as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke  explain in this 2015 edition of Two Guys on Your Head, real change takes planning and hard work. 

       


Exercise And Sleep

Dec 21, 2018

The two cheapest and easiest things we can do for our health is sleep more and exercise more, so why don't we do it? Sleep and exercise have an immense impact on physical and mental health both in the moment and for your future self.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your HeadDr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss exercise and sleep.


Honesty And Happiness

Dec 13, 2018

If you've caught yourself wanting to lie in a social situation, you're not alone. Honesty is a huge part of trust in every relationship, but can be difficult to maintain across all sorts of interactions.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about honesty and happiness.       


On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke continue their discussion on leadership with a look at the psychology of leadership and the importance of trust.


If you're in a leadership position, you have to make some difficult decisions. Some of those decisions might put you in the doghouse for a while, but if you are motivated by the good of the group, as opposed to the need to be liked, things tend to work out better.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of leadership and being liked.

Having status can give you access to opportunities you wouldn't otherwise have, and losing it can be hard to deal with psychologically.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of status.

Humans are not rational beings, and when it comes to data this is blindingly evident. On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about data and the brain.


Many times we use metaphors not only to illustrate what we are talking about but also to denote that we belong in a certain group. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of metaphors and framing discourse.


We might fancy ourselves as responsible, socially conscious people, but when new technologies like scooters are introduced into our environment, all that can easily fly out the window.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of scooter culture in Austin.


We might feel like we've been duped when we believe a lie someone has told us, and we may want to crawl in a hole when we share "fake news" on Facebook. But in actuality, we have evolved to trust rather than question, which is why our tendency toward credulity is easily taken advantage of.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of what is known as "gaslighting" and how to put checks in place so you are less susceptible to being taken for a ride.


When and why do we take risks? What goes into the process of remaking yourself at any age or stage of life? What is the role of grief when we talk about reinvention?

These are some of the questions we discussed with Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke at a recent Views and Brews at The Cactus Cafe.

On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head we hear just a little bit from that conversation about reinvention.


Can you remember what it was like for you to learn your native language?  Probably not, but why is that?

As humans, we begin learning to speak during the earliest stages of our lives, in infancy. Most people don’t have many accessible memories from this period of development. How do we do that?

If we can learn a language as infants, why is it so difficult to learn a second language later in life?

On this week’s episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Art Markman and Bob Duke explore how we learn a language.


Anger can create energy, it can be contagious and it can also motivate you to act. But if you want to get people to think and work together to create change, it's not the emotion you're looking for.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of weaponizing anger.

Time flies when you're having fun, the old saying goes. But how can time – maybe the most fundamental concept of the universe – feel different under different conditions?

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman, and Dr. Bob Duke – break down the factors influencing our perception of time.


A few weeks ago we came across an article on "The Cheerleader Effect," or the idea that people seem more attractive in a group than in isolation. Although there does seem to be evidence that this is true, we couldn't help but speculate as to why.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the possible psychology behind this phenomenon.

Praise always feels good to hear, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves or deal with failure.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how to praise in a productive and meaningful way.


Say a store you love changes hands and you aren't too fond of the new place. Why do you continue to go back when you know it's not the same?

Turns out a lot of psychology goes into the decision-making process around this dilemma.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art  Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about belief revision, exploitation versus exploration and switching costs.

We may think that civil discourse is a good idea, but when it gets down to practicing it, how skilled are we? On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on the psychology of civility.


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