Two Guys on Your Head

Each week on Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, explore different aspects of human behavior and the brain.

In conversations hosted by producer Rebecca McInroy, the two renowned psychologists cover everything from the effects of sugar on the brain, to what's happening in our minds while we sleep, and much, much more.

Listen to the Two Guys every Friday at 7:51 a.m., 1:49 and 4:51 p.m. on KUT-FM. You can always dig into the posts below or checkout and subscribe to podcasts via iTunes

We'd love to know what you're curious about!  Email us your topics and suggestions at twoguys@kut.org. And follow Two Guys on Twitter: @2GoYH

Last week's converstion on editing left us thinking: Maybe one reason people are hesitant to edit their work is because they might be seen as going back on their ideas, or flip-flopping.

In this week's eidtion of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why flip-flopping is seen as a negative thing, and how re-framing it could help you do better work and overcome your fear of changing your mind.


When we're just starting out as writers or artists it can be hard for us to go back to the drawing board after we've composed the first draft. But why is it easier to edit after years of experience?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of editing.

We might think that confidence is a performance and that some people are more believable than others because they exude a certainty that we don't have. However, it turns out that confidence comes with experience and knowledge, and that having some hesitation about accuracy can be beneficial.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of confidence.

As humans we like to categorize, and with services like Ancestry.com and 23 and Me, we have new ways to figure out where we fit and where we don't. But what can we really find out that we don't already know?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of DNA testing.

The idea that money doesn't make you happy is easy to get behind if you have it, but if you don't it's a hard sell. But the correlation between money and happiness is more complicated then one might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the relationship between money, security, opportunity and happiness.

We might take the card we swipe for granted at the grocery store when we buy food. We might look at our bank balance and not even think of how unique it is that we can translate those little numbers into experiences and things. It's merely one of the benefits of having big brains.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of how our brains determine value.

Framing negotiations in terms of winning and losing w can set us up for disappointment, not only when it comes to how we negotiate with others but also how we negotiate with ourselves.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke off some other options that might help us win no matter what.


Negotiation is a complicated process. In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about some psychological elements that can make it a little easier.

Time is important, especially when it comes to the brain. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how our brains process and understand time, and how we can reorient our goals within tasks to stay motivated and get more done.

"People just don't have the attention spans they used to," is a popular refrain. On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, we ask Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke if there's any truth to it.

Leadership is not as easy as it might appear. At times even leaders themselves might not be aware of everything that makes their leadership effective. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about leadership and muse about how it's easy to work harder than you need to.

Charismatic people have great vision. But a great leader also needs to make sure things get done. On this week's edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explore how you can have too much of a good thing when it comes to charisma. 


At the end of the day, after all our tasks are done, we may not realize the fatigue we feel due to all of the things we've left undone.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the so-called Zeigarnik Effect.

Also, check out the article Rebecca McInroy references in this week's show here

There are many reasons we might not be happy with the decisions we make, but it turns out not many of them have to do with the actual choice. In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of disappointment.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology behind both sides of America's ongoing debate about firearms and gun control.

In this special edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Rebecca McInroy talk about the psychology of the current moment in Austin and how to negotiate moving forward following the traumatic events of this month.

It seems that people today carry with them the constant mantra "I'm so busy." It can be tough to juggle work, kids and life in general, but a lot of that feeling of being overwhelmed may be our own fault.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markaman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the value of boredom, and how to get the most out of your downtime to feel more in control and less stressed.

We might think that to keep order in our households, workplaces or classrooms, it's important to hold people accountable for their negative behavior. But that can lead to a playing field that allows for either nothing to happen or punishment. It is more important to focus on the behaviors we want to see continue, as opposed to giving energy to avoiding the negative.

Still a little confused? In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of accountability.

Tearing down something is quick, easy and often gratifying. What's more time-consuming and difficult is creating, building and constructing. As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, however, the reasons why we are more likely to criticize than create aren't just about effort.


It might seem odd that anyone still treks out to see live theater – given that we have so much on-demand entertainment at our fingertips every day through streaming services or television.

However, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, psychologically we may get more from a visit to our local playhouse than we think.

We were as transfixed as you were by the Westminster Dog Show. So on this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we want to know what our lovely pups are thinking.

There are a lot of factors that help to regulate our overall health and wellness. If we are content in our lives and relationships, we are more likely to be healthy.

If we exercise and eat well, we reap the benefits in our mind and body. Also, as recent studies by Ted Kaptchuck and others show, if we take medications or supplements, even if they're nothing but rice powder and sugar, we can feel better.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why taking placebos somehow makes us feel healthier.

Because we know how things work, sometimes we think we understand why these things work as they do. That can be a problem.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the difference between "how" and "why" knowledge, and why it's important to recognize what you really need to know.


When thinking about how we present ourselves, at a job interview, for example, we might think that the more good stuff we tell the prospective employer, the better. That's not really the case, however. Our best assets can be overshadowed by the average of all we present.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about The Presenter's Paradox, and how we can put our best foot forward.

Last month on All Things Considered, NPR's Kelly McEvers and Pop Culture Happy Hour's Linda Holmes and Glen Weldon talked about this era of TV and movies, many of which are remakes or reboots catering nostalgic audiences.

Weldon asserted that nostalgia is rooted in things you choose to enjoy.

Why Your Gift Isn't Always Received With A Smile

Jan 12, 2018

We give for many reasons, and most of the time it feels pretty good. But when you're on the receiving end of generosity, feelings can be mixed.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of giving and receiving.

We generally tend to pay more attention to outcomes rather than process. Yet, if we really want to learn from our mistakes or our successes, it's important to take a step-by-step look at our decision-making processes.

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take on outcome bias.


The Greek philosopher Heraclitus is noted as having said, "No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.” But what does that mean for us today?

On this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about how and why we change over time, and why it's important to have compassion for our former selves in order to become better people in the future.

There are many benefits to mindfulness, but it might not be for everyone.

On this week's edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the more negative elements of being present.


When was the last time someone said to you, "Just take a breath?" It's a way to slow down, be in the moment, create space. It's also a big part of a mindfulness trend.

As Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, there are a lot of psychological reasons for why and how mindfulness works, and you don't have to buy a yoga mat and incense to reap the benefits.


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